Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina:Hello and welcome back to the Absolute Beginner series at FilipinoPod101.com. This is season 1, lesson 23, Getting Around the Philippines. I’m Gina.
Betsey: Kamusta! And I’m Betsey!
Gina: In this lesson you'll learn how to ask for directions in Filipino.
Betsey: This conversation takes place during the day on the streets of Manila.
Gina: It’s between a traveler and a policewoman.
Betsey: The speakers do not know each other, so they’ll be using formal speech.
Gina: Ok, let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: When you’re lost in the Philippines, what should you do?
Betsey: When you are lost or you don’t know where to go, it’s best to ask for directions.
Gina: Who are the best people to ask?
Betsey: You should ask the people working at the transport terminals, since they’re the experts when it comes to places.
Gina: I see. Can you also ask the drivers?
Betsey: You can also ask the drivers for directions if they’re not busy.
Gina: How about if I know that the train or jeepney that I’m riding is going to pass the place, but not when to get off?
Betsey: In that case, you can either ask the driver or the bus conductor to drop you off there, and they definitely will.
Gina: Will they remember to do that?
Betsey: Well, just don’t forget to remind them if there are too many people in the jeepney or bus.
Gina: Great! Thanks for the tips Betsey!
Betsey: No problem! Now let’s move on to the vocab!
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Betsey: The first word is “magtanong”
Gina: A verb translated to English as “to ask”.
Betsey: It comes from the word “tanong”
Gina: which means “a question”…?
Betsey: Yes. Then we add the prefix “mag” which indicates “to do”.
Gina: So we have…
Betsey: “magtanong”
Gina: For example, how do we say “Can I ask something?” in Filipino?
Betsey: We can say “Maaari ba akong magtanong?” where “maaari”
Gina: ...is the word for “can”, as we discussed earlier in the series.
Betsey: That’s right!
Gina: What’s the second word Betsey?
Betsey: It’s “kumanan”
Gina: A verb which means “turn right”.
Betsey: Yes. “kumanan” comes from the word “kanan”
Gina: which means “right”
Betsey: plus the infix “um” to indicate movement towards the direction.
Gina: Okay! Can we give an example on that?
Betsey: Sure! Let’s say “Kumanan ka sa paaralan”
Gina: That will be “Turn right at the school”
Betsey: Yes. Here, “paaralan” is the word for “school”
Gina: Great! What’s our third and final word for this lesson?
Betsey: That will be “katabi”
Gina: That is a preposition which is translated in English as “beside”.
Betsey: It comes from the word “tabi”
Gina: which means “side”…
Betsey: ...plus the prefix “ka”.
Gina: Can you use it in both formal and informal settings?
Betsey: Yes you can. “katabi” can be used in both formal and informal conversations.
Gina: Great! Let’s give our listeners an example.
Betsey: Alright. Let’s take the sentence “Katabi niya si Wilma”
Gina: And that will be “Wilma is beside him”, right?
Betsey: That’s right!
Gina: Okay, now onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask for directions. This topic is going to be really useful for travelers and tourists!
Betsey: You got that right Gina. Listeners, listen up!
Gina: After this lesson, you’ll be able to find your way around the Philippines!
Betsey: Great! Let’s start!
Gina: Okay Betsey, how do we ask for directions in Filipino?
Betsey: The pattern is “Paano pumunta sa + destination” is used to ask for directions in Filipino. “Paano pumunta sa + destination” This means “how do you get to...” + destination
Gina: Let’s break it down.
Betsey: Great idea!
Gina: Okay, what does the first word mean?
Betsey: The word “paano” means “how”. Next up is the verb “pumunta”, which means “to go” to a place.
Gina: If we add the first two words, we have…
Betsey: “paano pumunta”, which is simply “how to go”.
Gina: Okay I think I’ve got it. What’s next?
Betsey: Next we have the word “sa”, which indicates or marks the place or destination. And lastly, we say the destination or place.
Gina: Okay, so altogether the phrase is going to be….
Betsey: “paano pumunta sa +destination”.
Gina: When is this pattern usually used Betsey?
Betsey: It’s used if the speaker and the person he/she is asking both know where the person is coming from or the starting point of their journey.
Gina: Can we say that phrase again?
Betsey: Of course! It’s “paano pumunta sa + destination”
Gina: What if you want to add where you are starting from? What do we say then?
Betsey: We add the phrase “galing + origin” at the end of the pattern.
Gina: Is that the same as “from + origin”?
Betsey: Yes it is.
Gina: The complete phrase will now be…
Betsey: “paano pumunta sa + destination + galing + origin”.
Gina: Are those phrases in formal form?
Betsey: Not quite.
Gina: How do we make them formal then?
Betsey: To make the statements formal or to give respect to the person you are asking for directions, we should add the word “po” to the phrase.
Gina: Thus, the phrase we should use in formal conversations is….
Betsey: “paano po pumunta sa + destination + [galing + origin].
Gina: That’s great! I think our listeners will find that phrase very helpful.
Betsey: Yes. Anyway let’s give them some additional tips when asking for directions.
Gina: That sounds good to me! What do you have in mind Betsey?
Betsey: Well, if you didn’t understand the directions given to you, you can ask them to repeat again by saying “pwede pakiulit po” “pwede pakiulit po”
Gina: The same as saying “could you please repeat”?
Betsey: Yes that’s right. Another tip is that it’s better if you say “excuse me” or “sorry” first before asking them to repeat the directions.
Gina: I see. It’s used to indicate politeness right?
Betsey: Yup!
Gina: So what do we have to say?
Betsey: The best way is to say “Paumanhin po. Pakiulit po”
Gina: That means “I’m sorry. Please repeat.”
Betsey: Once more “Paumanhin po. Pakiulit po”.
Gina: Listeners, make sure to check the lesson notes to reinforce what you’ve learned here.

Outro

Gina: Okay, that’s it for this lesson.
Betsey: Thank you for listening everyone.
Gina: See you next time!
Betsey: Paalam.

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Hello Listeners, ready to ask for directions in Filipino? Let's practice here!