Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gina:
Hi and welcome to the Absolute Beginner series at FilipinoPod101.com. This is season 1, lesson 1, First Encounters in Filipino. I’m Gina.
Betsey:
Kamusta! And I’m Betsey.
Gina:
The two of us will be your guides through your first steps in learning Filipino.
Betsey:
You said it Gina! So just sit back, relax and enjoy the series with us!
Gina:
That’s right! Because we’ll make sure that you’ll have a great time learning Filipino.
Betsey:
Alright! So Gina, what will we be talking about in this lesson?
Gina:
For this first lesson, we’ll learn how to say “hello” in Filipino in the daytime.
Betsey:
That sounds great! The conversation will take place on the street, right?
Gina:
Yes. It takes place between two people.
Betsey:
Luisa and Ana know each other, but their relationship is formal, so they’ll be using formal Filipino.
Gina:
Okay, let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina:
Okay, so it’s time now to learn some interesting points about Filipino culture. So Betsey, what’s it like in the Philippines when people meet each other on the streets?
Betsey:
Well Gina, when you meet someone in the Philippines, it is customary to greet them with “Kamusta”.
Gina:
Are there any specific gestures needed?
Betsey:
No. However, depending on the situation there are some common gestures used.
Gina:
Hmm. So for business settings…
Betsey:
A handshake would be best.
Gina:
Oh that seems familiar. How about among friends?
Betsey:
When you see your friends, you should wave your hands while saying “Kamusta”.
Gina:
How about among women?
Betsey:
Most women greet their close female friends with a kiss on the cheek while at the same time saying “Kamusta”.
Gina:
How about among men?
Betsey:
Filipino men sometimes pat each other on the shoulder if they’re close friends, as a greeting.
Gina:
Ok, so Betsey, how should I respond when Filipinos greet me on the streets?
Betsey:
The common and general response to “Kamusta?” is “Mabuti”.
Gina:
Which means “Well” or “Fine”, right? But how about if I’m not feeling well?
Betsey:
Filipinos mostly still say “mabuti” . Filipinos are very optimistic people, so they try to keep things positive regardless of their actual feelings.
Gina:
Wow, that’s nice to hear!
Betsey:
Isn't it?
Gina:
Let`s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina:
Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What do we have first?
Betsey:
The first word is “ka”.
Gina:
Which means “you”. So Betsey, how should we use it?
Betsey:
“ka” is commonly used in questions and commands in Filipino. But “ka” is never used to start a statement or a question.
Gina:
I see. So does it usually follow a verb, an adjective, or a phrase describing the subject?
Betsey:
Yes it does.
Gina:
Can you give us some examples?
Betsey:
Sure. Let’s try to use “ka” after a verb. “Kumain ka ba?”.
Gina:
It means ‘Did you eat?’.
Betsey:
And now let’s try to use “ka” after an adjective. “Magaling ka ba?”.
Gina:
‘Are you good?’. This could mean “are you good at something?” It’s context dependent. Now, let’s try to use it in a phrase.
Betsey:
“Kamusta ka na?”.
Gina:
‘How are you now?’. Great! How about in a command?
Betsey:
“Kumain ka ng saging”
Gina:
You should eat bananas.
Betsey:
Finally, let’s use “ka” in a statement. “Maganda ka”.
Gina:
Which means “You’re Beautiful”. Okay, now let’s move on to the next word.
Betsey:
The next word is “na”.
Gina:
Which means “now” or “already”.
Betsey:
Yes. “na” emphasizes that the action being described has already been done, is currently being done, or is about to be done.
Gina:
It sounds very flexible to me. So it can be used along with the present, past and future forms of the verbs?
Betsey:
That’s right.
Gina:
Let’s give the listeners some examples. First, let’s use it in the present form.
Betsey:
Okay. “Kumakain na”
Gina:
“Now eating”. This can refer to any number of people. Again, it is context dependent. Now let’s use it in the past.
Betsey:
“Kumain na”.
Gina:
“Has already eaten.”. Good. Finally, let’s use it in the future.
Betsey:
“Kakain na”.
Gina:
“Will eat now.” Great! Betsey, I’ve noticed that “na” usually follows verbs, right?
Betsey:
That’s right. “na” never starts the sentence in Filipino.
Gina:
Alright! Let’s move on to our final word…
Betsey:
It’s “Mabuti”
Gina:
...which means “fine” or “good” and expresses the current state of the person or subject.
Betsey:
“Mabuti” can be used to describe the condition of people, places, events, and things. And “Mabuti” can stand alone as a sentence itself.
Gina:
Isn't this also the general response to “Kamusta”?
Betsey:
Yes, and we learned that earlier in the lesson.
Gina:
All the words we talked about here can be used in formal and informal Filipino, right?
Betsey:
Yes and they can also be used by both genders.
Gina:
Fantastic! Okay, now let’s get to this lesson’s grammar point.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina:
In this lesson, you’ll learn how to greet someone in Filipino.
Betsey:
And to ask them how they are feeling.
Gina:
So “Hello” in Filipino is…
Betsey:
“Kamusta!”
Gina:
“Hello” in Filipino can be used as a greeting between people of any level of closeness. For example, people who have just met, or people who have a close relationship too.
Betsey:
It’s also customary that whenever you meet someone, you should greet them with “kamusta”.
Gina:
Okay, so now how do we ask “How are you?” in Filipino?
Betsey:
“Kamusta?”
Gina:
And it’s the same with “Hello”?
Betsey:
That’s right. This shows how Filipinos are always concerned about other people, since the word “Kamusta” greets people and at the same time asks how they’re doing. “Kamusta” is also used to ask the current state of a person, place, thing, or event.
Gina:
So if we want to ask the current state of a person, for instance “How is my mother?”
Betsey:
You could say “Kamusta na ang aking nanay?”
Gina:
How about if I want to ask the current state of a thing, say, “How is the project?”
Betsey:
That’s “Kamusta na ang proyekto?”
Gina:
So Betsey, if I meet up with my really close friend, I just have to say “Kamusta” right?
Betsey:
That’s right. However, you can also say “Ikamusta mo na lang ako sa pamilya mo”
Gina:
...which means “Please send my regards to your family”.
Betsey:
Yes. Since you are close friends, it is customary that you would also be familiar with your friend’s family, and greet them like you would greet your friend. This shows how close family ties are in the Philippines.
Gina:
That’s nice! So Betsey, the word doesn't change for informal and formal Filipino right?
Betsey:
It doesn't. You can use “Kamusta” in both informal and formal Filipino. Although, in informal Filipino, the shortened version “musta” can also be used.
Gina:
Finally, do I need to respond when people greet me?
Betsey:
Yes, and can you remember what the general response is?
Gina:
“Mabuti!” Which means “Fine”.
Betsey:
Good job! Now listeners, if you need to reinforce what you've learned in this lesson, please check the lesson notes.

Outro

Gina:
Okay, that’s it for this lesson.
Betsey:
Thank you for listening everyone.
Gina:
And see you next time
Betsey:
Paalam.

104 Comments

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FilipinoPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Kamusta? :)

Saturday at 3:25 am
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Hi Crai,


Thank you for posting and sharing your learning experience, we really appreciate that 😄

Keep up the good work and feel free to ask if you have any questions!


Have a great day!


Olivia

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Crai
Friday at 5:51 pm
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I love the immersion in spoken everyday sentences from day 1. I am learning more simply and easily them memorizing words and studying grammar and reading stories only ... that's how I learned French and I still don't speak it so well.. speaking got my brain thinking in Filipino from day 1

Thursday at 11:16 pm
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Hi Dan,


Thank you for posting.


As an absolute beginner at Filipino (in case you have no experience with Filipino at all), we'd suggest you start with the very basics: the alphabet and how to read and write Filipino. There is a whole series dedicated to the alphabet and learning how to write, so please consider starting there.


Another series that is worth watching really early in your Filipino learning is our pronunciation-related lessons.

You would then be ready to start with one of our main series, the Absolute Beginner series.


The next step would be the Beginner series, then the Upper Beginner, the Lower Intermediate, Intermediate, and finally the Upper Intermediate series. Each lesson of these series contains a dialogue and focuses on grammar, vocabulary, vocabulary usage, sample sentences and cultural notes.


In between these series, you can of course listen or watch other series too, depending on what appeals to you and your needs. However, the core grammar is found on the aforementioned series.


Should you need extra help with grammar, check out our grammar banks:

https://www.FilipinoPod101.com/Filipino-grammar/


As for enriching your vocabulary, you can check out the vocabulary lists:

https://www.FilipinoPod101.com/Filipino-vocabulary-lists/

We're constantly adding new content. Check out the other options under the menu ""Vocabulary"" as well.


I hope this is helpful. If you have any more questions about the website or Filipino, don't hesitate to contact us again.


Wishing you all the best!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Dan
Thursday at 7:21 am
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These lessons go way too fast. This lesson series should start at the beginning and build up, not throw whole sentences of words never heard before. There's no chance to learn

Thursday at 9:37 am
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Hi Katrina,


Thank you for posting and giving your feedback about the sentences' audio. We'll take that into consideration.

Keep up the good work!

If you have more questions, please let us know.


Ofelia

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Katrina
Thursday at 6:30 am
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I'm doing great so far. I have a suggestion that you should maybe put a setting where you can slow down the phrase (not just the single words) because on one of the lessons where I tried to lean how to ask about one's siblings, it was going waaay to fast and there was no way to slow the whole phrase down!

I like the program so far, though! Thanks so much I can see myself improving. (My parents are Filipino, I'm trying to learn this before Summer because I'm visiting all my cousins!)

Wednesday at 2:41 am
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Hi Claude!


Kamusta and kumusta have no difference in meaning. Spelling this word isn't so strict so both are generally accepted. :) And you're absolutely right about adding "po" to make your sentence more formal or more respectful.


Salamat po!


Betsey

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Monday at 12:22 pm
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Kamusta Gina and Betsey i have one question with kamusta when i speak to my filopino friends they spell it kumusta is there any difference in meaning ? also for formal greeting you add po is that correct?

Wednesday at 2:25 pm
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Hi Miracle,


Thank you for posting!

If you have any questions, please let us know.


Ofelia

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Wednesday at 12:31 pm
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That felt so good