1. First Encounters in Filipino

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GINA: Hi and welcome to the Absolute Beginner series at FilipinoPod101.com. This is season 1, lesson 1, First Encounters in Filipino. I’m Gina.
BETSEY: Kamusta! And I’m Betsey.
GINA: The two of us will be your guides through your first steps in learning Filipino.
BETSEY: You said it Gina! So just sit back, relax and enjoy the series with us!
GINA: That’s right! Because we’ll make sure that you’ll have a great time learning Filipino.
BETSEY: Alright! So Gina, what will we be talking about in this lesson?
GINA: For this first lesson, we’ll learn how to say “hello” in Filipino in the daytime.
BETSEY: That sounds great! The conversation will take place on the street, right?
GINA: Yes. It takes place between two people.
BETSEY: Luisa and Ana know each other, but their relationship is formal, so they’ll be using formal Filipino.
GINA: Okay, let’s listen to the conversation.
GINA: Okay, so it’s time now to learn some interesting points about Filipino culture. So Betsey, what’s it like in the Philippines when people meet each other on the streets?
BETSEY: Well Gina, when you meet someone in the Philippines, it is customary to greet them with “Kamusta”.
GINA: Are there any specific gestures needed?
BETSEY: No. However, depending on the situation there are some common gestures used.
GINA: Hmm. So for business settings…
BETSEY: A handshake would be best.
GINA: Oh that seems familiar. How about among friends?
BETSEY: When you see your friends, you should wave your hands while saying “Kamusta”.
GINA: How about among women?
BETSEY: Most women greet their close female friends with a kiss on the cheek while at the same time saying “Kamusta”.
GINA: How about among men?
BETSEY: Filipino men sometimes pat each other on the shoulder if they’re close friends, as a greeting.
GINA: Ok, so Betsey, how should I respond when Filipinos greet me on the streets?
BETSEY: The common and general response to “Kamusta?” is “Mabuti”.
GINA: Which means “Well” or “Fine”, right? But how about if I’m not feeling well?
BETSEY: Filipinos mostly still say “mabuti” . Filipinos are very optimistic people, so they try to keep things positive regardless of their actual feelings.
GINA: Wow, that’s nice to hear!
BETSEY: Isn't it?
GINA: Let`s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
GINA: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What do we have first?
BETSEY: The first word is “ka”.
GINA: Which means “you”. So Betsey, how should we use it?
BETSEY: “ka” is commonly used in questions and commands in Filipino. But “ka” is never used to start a statement or a question.
GINA: I see. So does it usually follow a verb, an adjective, or a phrase describing the subject?
BETSEY: Yes it does.
GINA: Can you give us some examples?
BETSEY: Sure. Let’s try to use “ka” after a verb. “Kumain ka ba?”.
GINA: It means ‘Did you eat?’.
BETSEY: And now let’s try to use “ka” after an adjective. “Magaling ka ba?”.
GINA: ‘Are you good?’. This could mean “are you good at something?” It’s context dependent. Now, let’s try to use it in a phrase.
BETSEY: “Kamusta ka na?”.
GINA: ‘How are you now?’. Great! How about in a command?
BETSEY: “Kumain ka ng saging”
GINA: You should eat bananas.
BETSEY: Finally, let’s use “ka” in a statement. “Maganda ka”.
GINA: Which means “You’re Beautiful”. Okay, now let’s move on to the next word.
BETSEY: The next word is “na”.
GINA: Which means “now” or “already”.
BETSEY: Yes. “na” emphasizes that the action being described has already been done, is currently being done, or is about to be done.
GINA: It sounds very flexible to me. So it can be used along with the present, past and future forms of the verbs?
BETSEY: That’s right.
GINA: Let’s give the listeners some examples. First, let’s use it in the present form.
BETSEY: Okay. “Kumakain na”
GINA: “Now eating”. This can refer to any number of people. Again, it is context dependent. Now let’s use it in the past.
BETSEY: “Kumain na”.
GINA: “Has already eaten.”. Good. Finally, let’s use it in the future.
BETSEY: “Kakain na”.
GINA: “Will eat now.” Great! Betsey, I’ve noticed that “na” usually follows verbs, right?
BETSEY: That’s right. “na” never starts the sentence in Filipino.
GINA: Alright! Let’s move on to our final word…
BETSEY: It’s “Mabuti”
GINA: ...which means “fine” or “good” and expresses the current state of the person or subject.
BETSEY: “Mabuti” can be used to describe the condition of people, places, events, and things. And “Mabuti” can stand alone as a sentence itself.
GINA: Isn't this also the general response to “Kamusta”?
BETSEY: Yes, and we learned that earlier in the lesson.
GINA: All the words we talked about here can be used in formal and informal Filipino, right?
BETSEY: Yes and they can also be used by both genders.
GINA: Fantastic! Okay, now let’s get to this lesson’s grammar point.
GINA: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to greet someone in Filipino.
BETSEY: And to ask them how they are feeling.
GINA: So “Hello” in Filipino is…
BETSEY: “Kamusta!”
GINA: “Hello” in Filipino can be used as a greeting between people of any level of closeness. For example, people who have just met, or people who have a close relationship too.
BETSEY: It’s also customary that whenever you meet someone, you should greet them with “kamusta”.
GINA: Okay, so now how do we ask “How are you?” in Filipino?
BETSEY: “Kamusta?”
GINA: And it’s the same with “Hello”?
BETSEY: That’s right. This shows how Filipinos are always concerned about other people, since the word “Kamusta” greets people and at the same time asks how they’re doing. “Kamusta” is also used to ask the current state of a person, place, thing, or event.
GINA: So if we want to ask the current state of a person, for instance “How is my mother?”
BETSEY: You could say “Kamusta na ang aking nanay?”
GINA: How about if I want to ask the current state of a thing, say, “How is the project?”
BETSEY: That’s “Kamusta na ang proyekto?”
GINA: So Betsey, if I meet up with my really close friend, I just have to say “Kamusta” right?
BETSEY: That’s right. However, you can also say “Ikamusta mo na lang ako sa pamilya mo”
GINA: ...which means “Please send my regards to your family”.
BETSEY: Yes. Since you are close friends, it is customary that you would also be familiar with your friend’s family, and greet them like you would greet your friend. This shows how close family ties are in the Philippines.
GINA: That’s nice! So Betsey, the word doesn't change for informal and formal Filipino right?
BETSEY: It doesn't. You can use “Kamusta” in both informal and formal Filipino. Although, in informal Filipino, the shortened version “musta” can also be used.
GINA: Finally, do I need to respond when people greet me?
BETSEY: Yes, and can you remember what the general response is?
GINA: “Mabuti!” Which means “Fine”.
BETSEY: Good job! Now listeners, if you need to reinforce what you've learned in this lesson, please check the lesson notes.
GINA: Okay, that’s it for this lesson.
BETSEY: Thank you for listening everyone.
GINA: And see you next time
BETSEY: Paalam.
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Posting in Filipino? Leave a translation. It's good practice and helps others.

avatar FilipinoPod101.com

Kamusta? :)

avatar FilipinoPod101.com

Hello Yamego,

I believe our site can help you start learning Filipino if you want to start learning the language as soon as possible. We have great features that you can use to improve your Filipino a lot faster such as line by line audio and more.

Feel free to let us know if you have any questions-

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avatar Yamego

I just start to learn…
Hope this can make me more how to speak in pinoy…
Most that I want to learn this becose my gf…
2nd becose of my work… Cos some of the crew ship is Philippine…
And I hope I can learn fast with all lesson that you got…

avatar FilipinoPod101.com

Thank you for your :thumbsup: Aryamaan,

Team FilipinoPod101.com

avatar Aryamaan

:sunglasses: :thumbsup:

avatar FilipinoPod101.com

Hello Stefana,

Kamusta! Thank you for visiting FilipinoPod101.com! I am glad to hear that you found our lessons helpful. Please don’t hesitate to let us if you have any questions. We will be so happy to help you make your goal.

Thank you!

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avatar Stefana

Kamusta! :smile: I’m Stefana and I’m 17 :smile: I’m really happy to find your webside :smile: it’s very helpful :smile: I want to learn tagalog as when i finnish highschool I wamt to go study college and live there :smile: I tried learning a few words by myself before but it was kind of hard :sweat_smile: Thank you a lot for offering those lessons! They are really hepful :smile: Salamat!

avatar FilipinoPod101.com

Hi Mel!

We’re glad to have you in this community! We hope you enjoy relearning Filipino with us! :heart:


Team FilipinoPod101.com

avatar Mel

Hello! I was introduced to FilipinoPod 101 by the Youtube videos. Sadly, I’m a Filipino but I forgot Tagalog since I moved to another country. I’m really thankful to have this! I’m so excited to re-learn my language again! =D

avatar FilipinoPod101.com

Thank YOU so much for studying Filipino with us. I am glad to hear that our lessons helped!

Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.

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avatar Cindy

Thank you so much because I have known some few words in Filipino.