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Hello and welcome to Filipino Survival Phrases brought to you by FilipinoPod101.com. This course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to the Philippines. You will be surprised at how far a little Filipino will go.
Now, before we jump in, remember to stop by FilipinoPod101.com, and there, you will find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.
Filipino Survival Phrases Lesson 19 - Filipino money: An introduction.
In the Philippines, the currency is Philippines Peso. The code is PHP/Php. With denominations consisting of 5 centavos, 10 centavos, 25 centavos, 1 peso, 5 pesos, 10 pesos, 20 pesos, 50 pesos, 100 pesos, 200 pesos, 500 pesos, and 1,000 pesos.
As of 2008, the exchange rate is roughly Php42 to 1 US dollar, and roughly Php63 to 1 Euro.
Paper currency includes 20-peso, 50-peso, 100-peso, 200-peso, 500-peso, and 1,000-peso bills. Five centavos, 10 centavos, 25 centavos, 1 peso, 5 pesos, 10 pesos are coins. Denominations below 1 peso are still issued but are not wide used.
If you come across Philippine money, you will notice that each bill depicts a national hero and/or presidents of the country. Each denomination is a different color. One good example is the 20-peso bill. The color is orange, and it depicts President Manuel L. Quezon, the first Commonwealth president. On the reverse, you can see the Malacañang Palace or the Presidential Palace.
In this lesson, we'll look at numbers going up to 1,000. As hopefully, and most likely, you won't need to know denominations larger than this for single purchases. Let's first go over how to say large numbers in Filipino. We covered 1 to 10 in a previous lesson.
To recap: "one" is Isa, "two" is Dalawa, "three" is Tatlo, "four" is Apat, "five" is Lima, "six" is Anim, "seven" is Pito, "eight" is Walo, "nine" is Siyam, and "ten" is Sampu.
Simply follow these numbers with 10 to form the basis of numbers through 100.
Filipino counting numbers basically follow either the Malay or Spanish root words. It is more common to hear Filipinos use the Spanish-based counting numbers when counting money.
10, for Spanish root is Diyes. For Malay root, it's Sampu.
20, for Spanish root is Bente. For Malay root, it's Dalawampu.
30, for Spanish root is Trenta. For Malay root, it's Tatlumpu.
40, for Spanish root is Kwarenta. For Malay root, it's Apatnapu.
50, for Spanish root is Singkwenta. For Malay root, it's Limampu.
60, for Spanish root is Sesenta. For Malay root, it's Animnapu.
70, for Spanish is Sitenta. For Malay root, it's Pitompu.
80, for Spanish root is Otsenta. For Malay root, it's Walumpu.
90, for Spanish root is Nubenta. For Malay root, it's Siyamnapu.
100, for Spanish root is Siyento. For Malay root, it's Isang daan.
When counting money from 10, the Malay root is often used. But for 11 and beyond, the spanish root is used.
For instance, you need to pay 5 pesos, you would need to say Lima, which is the Malay root for counting money.
If you need to pay 53 pesos, you would need to say Singkwenta y tres. So, if you needed to pay 53 pesos, the store clerk would say, Singkwenta y tres. What coins would you use to pay 68 Euros? Well, you can combine one 50-peso bill, a 10-peso coin, and three 1-peso coins.


Alright, that's going to do it for today. Remember to stop by FilipinoPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.