Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Ice: Hi everyone, and welcome back to FilipinoPod101.com.
Brandon: This is Lower Beginner, season 1, lesson 8, Talking About Shapes in Filipino. I’m Brandon.
Ice: Hello. And I’m Ice. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about shapes in Filipino!
Brandon: The conversation in this lesson takes place in a kitchen during the day.
Ice: The speakers are sisters so they'll be using informal Filipino.
Brandon: All right! Let’s listen to the conversation.:
DIALOGUE
Haydee: Clara, anong hugis ito?
Clara: Hugis bilog.
Haydee: Akala ko hugis oblong.
Clara: Hindi. Ikaw, anong hugis ng biskwit mo?
Haydee: Tatsulok.
Clara: Mukha ngang hugis tatsulok.
Haydee: Salamat!
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Haydee: Clara, anong hugis ito?
Clara: Hugis bilog.
Haydee: Akala ko hugis oblong.
Clara: Hindi. Ikaw, anong hugis ng biskwit mo?
Haydee: Tatsulok.
Clara: Mukha ngang hugis tatsulok.
Haydee: Salamat!
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Haydee: Clara, anong hugis ito?
Brandon: Clara, what shape is this?
Clara: Hugis bilog.
Brandon: Circle.
Haydee: Akala ko hugis oblong.
Brandon: I thought it was an oblong shape.
Clara: Hindi. Ikaw, anong hugis ng biskwit mo?
Brandon: No. How about you, what shape is your biscuit?
Haydee: Tatsulok.
Brandon: Triangle.
Clara: Mukha ngang hugis tatsulok.
Brandon: It does look like a triangle shape.
Haydee: Salamat!
Brandon: Thank you.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Brandon: In this lesson we are going to talk about the unique pastry or bakery products of the Philippines that they call…
Ice: Pandesal
Brandon: That's "bread of salt" or "salted bread."
Ice: Pandesal is the favorite breakfast and snack food of the Philippines.
Brandon: Almost all bakeries in the Philippines sell pandesal.
Ice: Yes, because you can't call yourself a Filipino bakery if you don't have pandesal!
Brandon: As you can guess from its name, pandesal has a salty taste and a soft texture.
Ice: It’s also small, most of the time just the size of your fist.
Brandon: But Filipinos love it a lot, and it's part of their culture.
Ice: That’s right!
Brandon: Okay, now let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Brandon: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Ice: hugis [natural native speed]
Brandon: shape
Ice: hugis [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: hugis [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: bilog [natural native speed]
Brandon: circle
Ice: bilog [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: bilog [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: akala [natural native speed]
Brandon: idea, thought
Ice: akala [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: akala [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: oblong [natural native speed]
Brandon: oblong
Ice: oblong [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: oblong [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: ng [natural native speed]
Brandon: particle that goes before nouns and adjectives
Ice: ng [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: ng [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: biskwit [natural native speed]
Brandon: biscuit
Ice: biskwit [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: biskwit [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: tatsulok [natural native speed]
Brandon: triangle
Ice: tatsulok [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: tatsulok [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: mukha [natural native speed]
Brandon: looks like, look
Ice: mukha [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: mukha [natural native speed]
: And last:
Ice: nga [natural native speed]
Brandon: indeed
Ice: nga [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: nga [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Brandon: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Ice: First word is hugis. It's a noun that means "shape".
Brandon: Let’s give our listeners an example.
Ice: Hugis puso ang bato.
Brandon: That's "The rock is heart-shaped."
Ice: Yes, that’s correct.
Brandon: Can we have an example of it in a question?
Ice: Anong hugis ang bato?
Brandon: That's "What’s the shape of the rock?"
Ice: The second word that we’re going to talk about is ng. This is an article unique to the Filipino language.
Brandon: It’s used all throughout Filipino grammar.
Ice: That’s right. The word ng generally comes before, or introduces, nouns and adjectives.
Brandon: Let’s have an example. Put it before a noun.
Ice: Tumugtog ka ng piano.
Brandon: That's "Play the piano." Let’s give another example this time, put it before an adjective.
Ice: Kumain siya ng masarap na mangga.
Brandon: That's "She ate a delicious mango."
Ice: The last word is mukha, which is the equivalent of the adjective "looks like" or "looks."
Brandon: However, when it’s used as a noun, it means "a face". How about an example?
Ice: Mukha siyang bata.
Brandon: That's "She looks young." Let’s give another one.
Ice: Mukha akong mataba.
Brandon: meaning “I look fat.” Okay, now lets move onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Brandon: In this lesson you’ll learn how to talk about shapes in Filipino. How do we say "circle"?
Ice: Bilog
Brandon: "square."
Ice: parisukat.
Brandon: "rectangle"?
Ice: parihaba.
Brandon: "triangle"?
Ice: Tatsulok
Brandon: How about some less traditional shapes. Like "oblong."?
Ice: biluhaba is the old way of saying it, but now a’days we just say oblong.
Brandon: "star"?
Brandon: bituin
Brandon: "diamond shape"?
Ice: That will be hugis dyamante.
Brandon: "heart shape"?
Ice: hugis puso.
Brandon: Okay, so how do we ask the shape of an object?
Ice: We use the phrase Anong hugis ito?
Brandon: That is "What shape is this?" How do we answer the question?
Ice: We use the sentence pattern (Hugis + [the shape] + ang + [the object])
Brandon: Okay, let’s say, "The table is square."
Ice: Hugis parisukat ang mesa.
Brandon: the word for “square” is…
Ice: parisukat
Brandon: And the word for “table” is…
Ice: mesa
Brandon: Can we also use pronouns instead of the name of the object?
Ice: Yes, we can. But we'll change the sentence pattern to (Hugis + [the shape] + [pronoun])
Brandon: Let’s give an example. Say, "This is heart shaped."
Ice: Hugis puso ito.
Brandon: the word for “heart” is...
Ice: puso
Brandon: And the word for "this" is…
Ice: ito
MARKETING PIECE
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Brandon: Not enough time.
Ice: You’re very busy.
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Ice: Never worry about missing another lesson again!
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Outro

Brandon: All right! That’s all for this lesson. But please remember to read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations.
Ice: Yes, and we’re looking forward to seeing you in the next lesson!
Brandon: Thanks everyone, bye!
Ice: Paalam!

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Hi Listeners! What shape is the bread in your country? Try answering in Filipino.