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Lesson Transcript

Ice: Hi everyone, and welcome back to FilipinoPod101.com.
Brandon: This is Lower Beginner, season 1, lesson 4 - Do You Think This Filipino Designer Dress is Pretty? I’m Brandon.
Ice: Hello. And I’m Ice. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use adjectives in questions and statements in Filipino!
Brandon: The conversation takes place at a department store and is between two friends.
Ice: The speakers are close friends, so they will be using informal Filipino.
Brandon: All right! Let’s listen to the conversation.
Jenny: Ella, Maganda ba itong bestida?
Ella: Oo maganda iyan.
Jenny: Salamat.
Ella: Pero mahal ba iyan?
Jenny: Hindi, mura ito.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Jenny: Ella, Maganda ba itong bestida?
Ella: Oo maganda iyan.
Jenny: Salamat.
Ella: Pero mahal ba iyan?
Jenny: Hindi, mura ito.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Jenny: Ella, Maganda ba itong bestida?
Brandon: Ella, is this dress beautiful?
Ella: Oo maganda iyan.
Brandon: Yes, it's beautiful.
Jenny: Salamat.
Brandon: Thanks.
Ella: Pero mahal ba iyan?
Brandon: But is it expensive?
Jenny: Hindi, mura ito.
Brandon: No, it's cheap.
Ice: Filipino women are very fond of clothes and apparel.
Brandon: I’ve heard that there’s a special kind of store where people can buy clothing and apparel at huge discounts.
Ice: I think you're referring to the tiangge.
Brandon: That’s right. Can you explain more about it?
Ice: A tiangge is like a flea market where people can buy things at a discounted price.
Brandon: Oh, that sounds interesting. How do people get the discount?
Ice: Acutally, you have to negotiate the price with the seller. In Filipino, we call this kind of bargaining tawad.
Brandon: How would you negotiate the prices if you were there?
Ice: First I’d ask for a tawad and give the prices that I want to pay. If the seller doesn’t agree with that, he will suggest other prices until we reach an agreement.
Brandon: It seems like this will take time, but it really makes me want to try!
Ice: It's one of the things that you shouldn’t miss when you’re in the Philippines. Don’t pay the price that the seller asked you for. Try to get more tawad, or discounts until you’re satisfied.
Brandon: I’ll definitely remember that. Okay. now onto the vocab.
Brandon: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Ice: Maganda [natural native speed]
Brandon: beautiful
Ice: Maganda [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: Maganda [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: itong [natural native speed]
Brandon: this, this thing
Ice: itong [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: itong [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: bestida [natural native speed]
Brandon: dress
Ice: bestida [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: bestida [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: iyan [natural native speed]
Brandon: that
Ice: iyan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: iyan [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: pero [natural native speed]
Brandon: but
Ice: pero [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: pero [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: mahal [natural native speed]
Brandon: expensive
Ice: mahal [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: mahal [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: mura [natural native speed]
Brandon: cheap, inexpensive
Ice: mura [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: mura [natural native speed]
: And last:
Ice: ito [natural native speed]
Brandon: this
Ice: ito [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: ito [natural native speed]
Brandon: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Ice: The first word is maganda.
Brandon: meaning "beautiful".
Ice: maganda is an adjective that means "beautiful". But sometimes, it works as an adverb meaning "beautifully".
Brandon: Can we use it in formal Filipino too?
Ice: Yes. You can use in both formal and informal Filipino.
Brandon: But, when you want to describe a person, make sure to use it only for describing women, and not men.
Ice: That’s right.
Brandon: Can you give us an example?
Ice: Maganda siya.
Brandon: "She is beautiful." this is an informal phrase. Here, it’s used as a adjective. How can we use the word as an adverb? For example.. “Ana dances beautifully."
Ice: You can say.. Maganda sumayaw si Ana. Here, I put the word Maganda before the verb sumayaw meaning ‘to dance.’ Then it becomes an adverb meaning ‘beautifully.’
Brandon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Ice: The next word is the conjunction pero.
Brandon: meaning "but" or “however”. You can use it in the same way as in English.
Ice: That’s right. But remember this word can only be used informally.
Brandon: Can you give us an example?
Ice: Yes. We can say Maganda siya pero hindi siya matalino.
Brandon: "She is beautiful but she is not smart."
Ice: Remember that it’s informal Filipino. Here, Maganda siya means
Brandon: She is beautiful
Ice: Then, put the word pero
Brandon: meaning “but”
Ice: Then put the sentence hindi siya matalino.
Brandon: meaning “she is not smart.” Is it about you, Ice?
Ice: No. You can just say Maganda siya. That’s enough.
Brandon: O.. okay. What’s the last word?
ice: Next word is bestida.
Brandon: It’s a noun meaning “dress.” This word can be used in both formal and informal situation. Can you give us an example?
Ice: Mahal itong bestida.
Brandon: "This dress is expensive". Again, this is informal. Ok lets take a look at the Grammar..
Brandon: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask questions using adjectives in Filipino. What sentence pattern can we use?
Ice: First, you say the adjective, then ba, then the pronoun ito, iyan, or iyon.
Brandon: Okay. Can you give us an example?
Ice: Maganda ba ito?
Brandon: "Is this beautiful?"
Ice: Here, I put the adjective maganda meaning "beautiful", then ‘ba’, then ‘ito’ meaning ‘this.’
Brandon: Okay. Can we use the same pattern to say "Is this expensive?"
Ice: Sure. The Filipino word for "expensive" is mahal. So you can say.. Mahal ba ito?
Brandon: That’s easy. And we have another pattern, right?
Ice: Yes. If you want to use a more specific object, such as ‘this clock’ you can add the suffix -ng to ito or “this”, for example “itong”, and then add the specific object at the end of the sentence.
Brandon: Can you give us an example? How do you say.. "Is this clock expensive?"
Ice: That's Mahal ba itong orasan? Here, I used the word orasan meaning “clock.” after adding the suffix -ng to ito.
Brandon: Okay. then how can we answer this type of questions?
Ice: It’s simple Say “Oo then, [adjective] then, the pronoun ito, iyan, or iyon.”. As you know, ‘Oo’ means ‘yes.”
Brandon: What if you want to say no.
Ice: Then, you can say “Hindi” , instead of ‘Oo’
Brandon: Okay. Let’s take a look at some examples. If I ask ‘Is this cheap’
Ice: Mura ba ito?
Brandon How would you answer the question?
Ice: If I agree, I can say.. Oo mura ito. Which means “Yes, it is cheap”
Brandon: What if you don’t agree?
Ice: you would say, Hindi, hindi ito mura. which means “No, it’s not cheap”
Brandon: Attention perfectionists! You’re about to learn how to perfect your pronunciation.
Ice: Lesson Review Audio Tracks.
Brandon: Increase fluency and vocabulary fast with these short, effective audio tracks.
Ice: Super simple to use. Listen to the Filipino word or phrase...
Brandon: then repeat it out loud in a loud clear voice.
Ice: You’ll speak with confidence knowing that you’re speaking Filipino like the locals.
Brandon: Go to FilipinoPod101.com, and download the Review Audio Tracks right on the lessons page today!


Brandon: And that’s all for this lesson.
Ice: But you can always read the lesson notes for more examples and explanations.
Brandon: Yes, and leave us a comment if you have any questions!
Ice: And we will see you in the next lesson!
Brandon: Thanks for listening, bye everyone!
Ice: Paalam!


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Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi Listeners! Try making a sentence in Filipino using adjectives. 

Friday at 11:27 PM
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Kamusta Ron!

Good job on the practice sentences! They're good examples and written in correct grammar!

Mahusay! Feel free to practice more by commenting on the lessons! And if you ever have questions, we'd love to answer them for you.



Team FilipinoPod101.com

Sunday at 06:01 AM
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Whoops, meant to say, "Yes, it is beautiful but expensive." :flushed:

Sunday at 05:59 AM
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Sample attempts:

- Maganda ba itong kamisa? (Is this shirt beautiful?)

- Oo, maganda siya pero mahal. (Yes, it is beautiful and intelligent.)