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Lesson Transcript

Kamusta kayo, ako si Erica. Hi everybody! I’m Erica.
Welcome to FilipinoPod101.com’s “Filipino sa 3 minuto”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Filipino.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask "Who" questions in Filipino. This time, we are going to ask “when” questions.
Imagine you have planned to go to the movies with your friends but have not yet decided when. You can ask them: “Kailan tayo pupunta sa sinehan?” “When are we going to the movies?”
[slowly] “Kailan tayo pupunta sa sinehan?”
Let’s break down this question:
First we have: “kailan,” which is "when" in Filipino.
Then we have tayo, which means "we".
Next is pupunta which is the future tense of the verb "punta,” “to go".
Sa is a preposition which functions as “to”.
And finally sinehan means "movie theater"
So, altogether it is “Kailan tayo pupunta sa sinehan?”
As we have discussed before, Filipino question words usually comes with a plural form. For “kailan” it is: “kai-kailan.” However it is not very commonly used. Instead we add certain words to “kailan” to ask about multiple times and other questions about time as well.
Here are some useful words you could add to “kailan.” First, you could add “tuwing” making the question phrase “tuwing kailan.” Literally this means: “every when.” We use this to ask about someone’s schedule. For example: “Tuwing kailan ka pumupunta sa gym?” “When do you go to the gym?”
You could also add: “simula” meaning “since,” to “kailan.” “Simula kailan ka pa nag-aaral dito?” “Since when have you been studying here?”
On the contrary, you could also add: “hanggang” which means “until.” “Hanggang kailan ako maghihintay?” “Until when should I wait?”
Now it’s time for Erica’s tips.
Here’s another word you could add to “kailan:” “kahit.” “Kahit kailan” literally means “even though when” but it is what Filipinos use to mean “whenever” or “any time.”
You could also add “kahit” to the previous question words we have already learned:
“kahit ano,” “whatever,” “anything.”
“kahit saan,” “wherever,” “anywhere.”
“kahit sino,” “whoever,” “anyone.”
Are you ready for the next Filipino sa 3 minuto lesson? Next time we will be discussing how to say yes or no questions. I’ll see you there!
Hanggang sa muli!