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Lesson Transcript

Kamusta kayo, ako si Erica. Hi everybody! I’m Erica.
Welcome to FilipinoPod101.com’s “Filipino sa 3 minuto”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Filipino.
In the last lesson, we learned how to ask "where" questions in Filipino.
This time, we are going to ask “who” questions.
Imagine you see your friend talking to someone you don’t know. You could ask him after: “Sino yung kausap mo kanina?” “Who were you talking to earlier?”
[slowly] “Sino yung kausap mo kanina?”
Let’s break it down:
“Sino” is the Filipino word for “who.”
“yung” means “that.”
“kausap” literally means “the one who was being talked to.”
“mo” is the pronoun “you.”
And finally “kanina” means “(some time) earlier.”
Again, all together it is: “Sino yung kausap mo kanina?”
Of course, just like “ano” and “saan,” “sino” also has a plural form. Can you guess what it is?
It’s “sinu-suno!” We use it for asking about more than one person. “Sinu-sino ang mga pumunta sa party.” “Who were the ones who came to the party?”
Here’s another variation of “sino.” “Kanino.” “Kanino” is used to ask about ownership. It acts just like the english “Whose.” For example: “Kanino itong payong?” “Whose is this umbrellla?”
Kanino, however, doesn’t have a plural form. If you want to ask about more than one person owning something then you use the question: “Sinu-sino ang mga may-ari ng…? which literally means: “Who are the owners of..?” As in “Sinu-sino ang mga may-ari ng kumpanyang ito?” “Who owns this company?”
Now, here’s one more variation of “sino.” Do you remember in the previous lesson, we added the prefix “na” to “saan” in order to ask about location? Well, you could also add “na” to “kanino” to ask if what you are looking for is located on a person. In other words, you use it to ask: who has the thing you’re looking for. For example: “Nakanino ang payong ko?” “Who has my umbrella?”
Now it’s time for Erica’s Tips.
In the Philippines, when knocking on someone’s door, we usually say “Tao po?”. It’s like asking “Anyone in?” Now, when you hear this and don’t recognize who’s asking it then you should reply: “Sino po sila?” This is the polite way of asking who someone is which is a must when talking to strangers.
In this lesson, we learned how to correctly use Sino and its variations. Now you can easily know who is who! Next time we’ll talk about the question word for… time! Kailan.
I’ll see you in the next Filipino sa 3 minuto lesson.
Hanggang sa muli!