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Lesson Transcript

Kamusta kayo, ako si Erica. Hi everybody! I’m Erica.
Welcome to FilipinoPod101.com’s “Filipino sa 3 minuto”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Filipino.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the verb magpunta which means "to go" in Filipino.
In this lesson, we will talk about the very commonly used verb: gawin.
The verb “gawin” actually has quite a broad meaning. Usually it is used to mean “to do,” or “to make.”
The root of gawin, is gawa. Gawin is actually the shortened form of “gawain” but nowadays, it is almost always used as “gawin.“
Now let’s see some basic forms. This time we’ll use the conjugations which denotes that the subject of the sentence is the object of the verb.
For the past tense we add an “in” to the root, forming: “ginawa.” As in “Ginawa niya ang painting na iyan.” That painting was done by her.
For the present tense, we double the first syllable of the root then insert an “in”: ginagawa. “Ginagawa nila ang schedule ng palabas.” The schedule of the show is being made by them.
For the future tense, we we double the first syllable of the root, which is “ga” and then add “in” at the end. So it becomes: gagawain. However, as I mentioned we use the shortened gawin and not gawain so it is actually: “gagawin.” “Gagawin ko ang aking makakaya.” Literally: “My best is what I’ll do.” or “I’ll do my best.”
So if you see this “in” syllable in the verb , then you’ll know that the subject of the sentence is actually the object of the verb.
Now, can you conjugate gawin in which the subject of the sentence is the doer? We learned how to do it last lesson! Let me refresh your memory.
Gawin uses the “um” form so for the past tense we insert an “um” to the word, so it will be: “gumawa.” For the future tense we just double the first syllable, so it is “gagawa.” And for the present? We double the first syllable and insert an “um” to form “gumagawa.”
Now it’s time for Erica’s tips.
Need help getting things done? Here’s a useful conjugation for gawin: pakigawa. This is the conjugation we use to make a request. Here, we just added paki to the root. For example. “Pakigawa mo itong poster.” meaning “Please make this poster.” To give an order, just use “gawin.” “Gawin mo itong poster.” “Make this poster.” I suggest not leaving out the “paki”, though, as you might have more people oblige if you are being polite.
In this lesson, we learned how to use the verb gawin in various situations.
Do you have any questions? In the next few lessons, you’ll learn how to say them in Filipino! See you in the next Filipino sa 3 minuto lesson. Hanggang sa muli!