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Lesson Transcript

Kamusta kayo, ako si Erica. Hi everybody! I’m Erica.
Welcome to FilipinoPod101.com’s “Filipino sa 3 minuto”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Filipino.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use adjectives in Filipino easily.
This time, we will be talking about Filipino verbs! In this lesson, we will learn the verb magpunta, which means "to go.” So... Let’s go!
Let’s start with some basic things you need to know about Filipino verbs. First, every verb has a root.
For magpunta, “to go,” it is, “punta.” We add a syllable or group of syllables to this root to form conjugations.
Second, Filipino verbs are conjugated with the purpose of telling which part of the sentence is the doer. In Filipino, it is through the verbs that we know who is doing the action and not through word order.
In this lesson, we’ll discuss the conjugations used in order to show that the subject is the doer.
For the past tense we insert an “um” to the root. For “punta” it will be: “pumunta.” For example, “Pumunta kami sa simbahan.” “We went to church.”
For the present tense, we double the first syllable of the root and then insert an “um”: pumupunta. However in this case, “pumupunta” denotes a habitual action and not an action happening right now. “Pumupunta sila sa gym.” “They go to the gym.”
For the future tense we double the first syllable of the root. Here, it is “pu”: pupunta. ”Pupunta ako sa opisina.” “I will go to the office.”
Not all Filipino verbs use this “um” form, however. Some verbs take the “mag” form when conjugated. Luckily, “Magpunta” is a verb which can use both forms interchangeably. But allow me to show you how to conjugate verbs using the “mag” form as well:
For the past tense we add a “nag” to the front of the root. So it will be: “nagpunta.”
For the present tense, we double the first syllable of the root and then add the prefix “nag”: nagpupunta.
For the future tense we double the first syllable of the root and add “mag”: magpupunta.
Now it’s time for Erica’s tips.
Filipinos sometimes make verbs by using foreign nouns or verbs as the root, to mean that they are doing or using them. For example, “nagkaraoke,” “did karaoke.” “Mag-iinternet,.” “will use the internet.” “Nagko-compute,” “(doing) computing.” And so on. You will definitely hear these kind of verbs in Filipino conversations all the time!
Are you ready to go to the next lesson?
Next time we’ll learn another very useful verb, gawin.
Do you know what this verb means? You’ll learn it in the next Filipino sa 3 minuto lesson.
Hanggang sa muli!