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Lesson Transcript

Kamusta kayo, ako si Erica. Hi everybody! I’m Erica.
Welcome to FilipinoPod101.com’s “Filipino sa 3 minuto”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Filipino.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use Filipino adjectives and how to turn them plural. In this lesson, we will use these adjectives to compare things.
First, let’s start with comparing 2 things. Here we will use “mas.” It is equivalent to “more” in English. For example, “Mas mabilis ang tren na iyon kaysa sa bas na ito.” “That train is faster than this bus.”
Let’s break it down. First we use “mas” and then the adjective. Here it is “mabilis” meaning “fast.” “Mas mabilis” now means “faster.” Then comes the thing we are describing, “ang tren na iyon.” “that train.” After this we have “kaysa sa” which is equivalent to the English “than.” Finally, we put in the thing we are comparing it to: “bas na ito,” “this bus.” Now, when comparing two people with names we just replace “kaysa sa” with “kaysa kay.” Mas mabilis si Lisa kaysa kay Manny. “Lisa is faster than Manny.”
Now, how about the superlative or “-est” form of Filipino adjectives? This time we use the prefix “pinaka-.”
“Pinakamadali ang tanong na ito.” “This is the easiest question.” “Pinakamatalino siya sa klase.” “He or she is the smartest in the class.”
The structure remains the same, except we don’t use “kaysa sa” or “than” anymore but just “sa.”
We also use another prefix to mean “very” or “really” and that is “napaka-.” However to use this we need to take out the “ma” from the beginning of the adjectives. So, “madali” becomes “napakadali” and “matalino” becomes “napakatalino.” “Napakadali ng exam dito.” “The exam here is very easy.” “Napakatalino ni Ma’am Anne.” “Ms. Anne is very smart. In this case, we use “ng” instead of “ang” and “ni” instead of “si.”
Now it’s time for Erica’s Tips.
Here’s another very common way to say “really...“ or “so…” Just replace “napaka-” with “ang” and then double the adjective. For example, “Ang ganda-ganda mo!.” “You’re really beautiful!” or ”Ang saya-saya ng Filipino sa 3 Minuto!” “Filipino in Three Minutes is so fun!” and so on. Filipinos use this a lot when speaking so don’t be afraid to try it!
Great! Now you could tell me what is the Filipino for fastest, easiest and most fun! In the following Filipino sa 3 minuto lessons, we”ll be learning some basic verbs. See you there! Hanggang sa muli!