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Lesson Transcript

Kamusta kayo, ako si Mayumi. Hi everybody! I’m Mayumi.
Welcome to FilipinoPod101.com’s “Filipino sa 3 minuto”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Filipino.
In our previous lessons, we learned how to use the verbs ay and may. “To be” and “to have.” In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to say “I’m not” and “I don’t have”
So let's take an example. What if you’re from Australia and someone asks you: “Taga-UK ka ba?” “Are you from the UK?” You would answer, “Hindi. Hindi ako taga-UK.” This means “No. I’m not from the UK.”
Let’s take a closer look:
“Hindi” means “no” or “not.” We use it again before “ako” to mean “I am not.” Then, taga-UK means from the UK. Notice that unlike when you respond positively, the “to be” verb, ay, is now gone.
“Oo, ako ay taga-UK.” “Yes, I’m from the UK.”
“Hindi. Hindi ako taga-UK.” “No, I’m not from the UK.”
Now what if someone asks you “May kotse ka ba?” Do you remember what this means? Right! It means “Do you have a car?” But what if you don’t have one? You would answer: “Wala. Wala akong kotse.” “No, I don’t have a car.”
As you might have noticed, we use a different word for negating “to have,” and that is “wala.”
“Wala” means “none.” But we also use it to mean “no” when talking about possession. Now, let’s compare how you say “you have” and “you don’t have.”
“I have a car.” is “May kotse ako.” While, “I don’t have a car.” is “Wala akong kotse.” Again, “may” is gone in the negative sentence because “wala” is its opposite. The subject “ako” or “I” is moved before kotse and now has the connector “ng.”
Now, let’s see how to say these sentences in a polite manner:
“I’m not from the UK.” would be “Hindi po ako taga-UK.” and “I don’t have a car.” would be
“Wala po akong kotse.”
Now it’s time for Mayumi’s Tips.
Just like in English, you could always answer yes or no questions in Filipino, with, of course, just yes or no. But remember, we have two ways of saying no! “Hindi” and “wala.”
Do you have any questions? If your answer is “wala,” then get ready for the next lesson because we are going to study the most descriptive part of the Filipino language - adjectives.
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Filipino sa 3 minuto lesson. Hanggang sa muli!