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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Becky: Hi everyone, Becky here, and welcome to FilipinoPod101.com. This is Basic Bootcamp, Lesson 1 - Self Introductions - Basic Greetings in Filipino. This is the first lesson of a five-part series that will help you ease your way into Filipino.
Betsey: Kamusta! I’m Betsey! That’s right, we’ll go over all the basics that will really help you to understand Filipino.
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to introduce yourself in Filipino.
Betsey: In the dialogue, Grace and Maria, who are at a party, are going to introduce themselves. Since they are not friends, they will be using formal Filipino.
Becky: Ok, let’s listen to the conversation.
Becky: Let’s talk a little bit about how Filipinos greet each other. In the Philippines, it is common for men to shake hands and hug each other, while women kissing each other’s cheeks is the usual way of greeting.
Betsey: Or it’s more like they graze their cheeks. This is called “beso” in Filipino and Spanish.
Becky: In formal situations, a handshake is the most appropriate way, along with a slight nod of the head.
Betsey: We use a very polite and traditional greeting with grandparents and elderly people. This is called “Mano”. You hold the back of their hand against your forehead and say “Mano po”. This is a common greeting towards grandparents and seniors.
Becky: That sounds like a nice ritual. And after getting to know each other, your new Filipino friends might ask you to visit their homes.
Betsey: That’s right, and it will happen quite a lot. Now we would like to give you some tips if you are going to bigger parties. Don’t arrive too early. The perfect timing is around twenty to thirty minutes later than the initial time.
Becky: Don’t forget to bring some flowers or dessert for the hosts.
Betsey: Of course there are many other subtle rules, but as long as they see that you are trying to be polite and respectful, then you’ll be fine.
Becky: Okay, now onto the vocab.
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Betsey: Let’s look at the word “ay”. In the dialogue we had “Ang pangalan ko ay Grace”, which in English means “My Name is Grace”. So “Ay” can be translated as “is”.
Becky: Yes. But the difference between the English “is” and the Filipino “ay” is that you can use “ay” for plural as well. For example, how would you say “they are tired” in Filipino?
Betsey: “Sila AY pagod”. Here, Sila means 'They’, and “Pagod” means 'Tired.' Although they are plural, you can use the same word 'Ay' in the sentence. Another way “Ay” is used is when you want to use the active voice. For example, to say “I am Betsey.” you can say “Ako ay si Betsey”. In this case you can omit “ay” in the sentence, but by using it, it makes your sentence more formal. Another example can be “Siya ay gwapo”
Becky: In English it means “He is handsome” - this is an active and formal way of saying it. What happens if we omit “ay” in this sentence?
Betsey: You can reconstruct the sentence by simply using the “verb first” rule and say “Gwapo siya”, which literally means “handsome he”. Okay, now let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to ask someone’s name in Filipino.
Betsey: So we had “Ano ang pangalan mo?” in the dialogue. What does it mean in English, Becky?
Becky: Literally translated it would be “What (the) name your?” which means “What is your name?”
Betsey: So let’s break this sentence down. ‘Ano ang pangalan mo?’ Here, “Ano” means “what”.
Becky: This can be used almost in the same way as in English.
Betsey: Now let’s see the next word, “ang.” It is used as the topic or subject marker in the sentence.
Becky: As opposed to the word “Ng (nang)”, which is used as a set with the object, or less important subject of the sentence.
Betsey: In our case, “name” is the object of the sentence, so we need to use “ang” instead of “ng”. So it’s “Ang pangalan” where “pangalan” means “name”.
Becky: This can also be used when you ask for the name of a place or a restaurant.
Betsey: And the next word is “Mo” meaning “Your”.
Becky: Filipino usually uses this word after a verb or action that is directed towards the person you are talking to.
Betsey: As another example, you can say “Naintindihan mo ba?” which means “Did you understand?”
Becky: Let’s see again how you ask for somebody’s name in Filipino.
Betsey: Ano ang pangalan mo?
Becky: Listeners, please repeat after Betsey.
Betsey: Ano ang pangalan mo? [pause]
Becky: Now, let’s check how to answer the question asking your name. “My name is Grace.” How do we say it in Filipino?
Betsey: “Ang pangalan ko ay Grace.”
Becky: Could you break down the sentence?
Betsey: Sure! First we have “Ang pangalan” for “The name”. Then “Ko” means “My”. “Ay” means “Is”, as explained before.
Becky: And then you can put the name, in this case “Grace”.
Betsey: If we translate it word-for-word “Ang pangalan ko ay Grace” would be “(The) name my is Grace.”
Becky: Listeners, please repeat after Betsey.
Betsey: Ang pangalan ko ay Grace. [pause]
Becky: Let’s practice it with some other names. In the dialogue we had “Maria”. How do you say “My name is Maria?”
Betsey: Ang pangalan ko ay Maria.
Becky: Listeners, please repeat after Betsey.
Betsey: Ang pangalan ko ay Maria. [pause]
Becky: Great! Now, listeners, Betsey is going to ask you your name. Please respond by saying your name out loud. Ready?
Betsey: Ano ang pangalan mo? [pause]
Becky: And the answer?
Betsey: “Ang pangalan ko ay” + plus your name.
Becky: Excellent! How did you do, listeners?
Betsey: Well, that wraps up our lesson on how to introduce yourself in Filipino.
Becky: We hope you guys get to use these phrases right away!


Becky: Okay, that’s it for this lesson. Don’t forget to check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time.
Betsey: Thanks for listening. Paalam!