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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jason: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Filipino learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Jason: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question Do you have any brothers and sisters? In Filipino this is
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki at babae?
Jason: The first word in the question is
Mayumi: May
Jason: meaning something like have or to have in English.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) May
Jason: Listen again and repeat.
Mayumi: May
{Pause}
Jason: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Mayumi: mga
Jason: which denotes the plural form of the subject
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) mga
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: mga
{Pause}
Jason: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Mayumi: May mga
{pause}
Jason: And next
Mayumi: kapatid
Jason: which is the name sibling.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) kapatid
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: kapatid
{Pause}
Jason: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid
{pause}
Jason: And next
Mayumi: ka
Jason: meaning something like you.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) ka
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: ka
{Pause}
Jason: Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka
{pause}
Jason: And next
Mayumi: bang
Jason: the Question marking particle
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) bang
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: bang
{Pause}
Jason: Listen to the the first 5 words of the question and repeat.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang
{pause}
Jason: Next is
Mayumi: lalaki
Jason: which is male.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) lalaki
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: lalaki
{Pause}
Jason: Listen to the the first 6 words of the question and repeat.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki
{pause}
Jason: And after that
Mayumi: at
Jason: meaning and.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) at
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: at
{Pause}
Jason: Listen to the the first 7 words of the question and repeat.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki at
{pause}
Jason: And next
Mayumi: babae
Jason: which is the name female.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) babae
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: babae
{Pause}
Jason: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki at babae
{pause}
Jason: Master the following pattern and responses to the question Do you have any brothers and sisters??
Mayumi: Meron akong kapatid na babae.
Jason: ""I have a sister.. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Mayumi: (Slow) Meron akong kapatid na babae.
{pause}
Jason: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Mayumi: Meron
Jason: meaning something like have.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) Meron
Jason: Now repeat
Mayumi: Meron
{Pause}
Jason: And next
Mayumi: akong
Jason: meaning something like I.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) akong
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: akong
{Pause}
Jason: Next is
Mayumi: kapatid
Jason: which is sibling.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) kapatid
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: kapatid
{Pause}
Jason: And after that
Mayumi: na
Jason: meaning something like that.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) na
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: na
{Pause}
Jason: And after that
Mayumi: babae
Jason: which is girl.
Mayumi: (Slow, by syllable) babae
Jason: Now repeat.
Mayumi: babae
{Pause}
Jason: Listen to the speaker say, I have a sister., and then repeat.
Mayumi: Meron akong kapatid na babae.
{pause}
Jason: To use a different phrase, replace sister with brother.
Mayumi: kapatid na lalaki
Jason: brother
Mayumi: (slow) kapatid na lalaki (regular) kapatid na lalaki
Jason: Listen to the phrase again, this time with brother
Mayumi: Meron akong kapatid na lalaki.
Jason: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace sister. Say I have a brother.
{pause}
Mayumi: Meron akong kapatid na lalaki.
Jason: To use a different phrase, replace brother with older sister.
Mayumi: ate
Jason: older sister
Mayumi: (slow) ate (regular) ate
Jason: Listen to the phrase again, this time with older sister
Mayumi: Meron akong ate.
Jason: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the word for brother. Say I have an older sister.
{pause}
Mayumi: Meron akong ate.
Jason: To make another phrase, replace older sister with older brother.
Mayumi: kuya
Jason: older brother
Mayumi: (slow) kuya (regular) kuya
Jason: Listen to the phrase again, this time with older brother
Mayumi: Meron akong kuya.
Jason: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the word for older sister. Say I have an older brother.
{pause}
Mayumi: Meron akong kuya.
QUIZ
Jason: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Philippines and someone asks you if you have any brothers or sisters. You want to say you have (a) sister. Respond to the question.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki at babae? (five seconds) Meron akong kapatid na babae.
Jason: Now imagine you have (a) brother Respond to the question.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki at babae? (five seconds) Meron akong kapatid na lalaki.
Jason: Imagine you have (an) older sister. . Answer the speaker's question.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki at babae? (five seconds) Meron akong ate.
Jason: Imagine you have (an) older brother. Respond to the question.
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki at babae? (five seconds) Meron akong kuya.
Jason: You want to ask someone is they have any brothers or sisters. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Mayumi: May mga kapatid ka bang lalaki at babae?

Outro

Jason: This is the end of Lesson 13

19 Comments

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FilipinoPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Please give your answer to the question below!

FilipinoPod101.com
Sunday at 02:33 PM
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Hi Justin,


Great job! Here's how we can improve:


Meron akong isang ate, dalawang kuya, at dalawang nakababatang kapatid na babae.


Salamat!


Betsey

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Justin Aragon
Wednesday at 04:42 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Salamat

Meron akong isa ate at babae at dalawa kuya at nakaka-batang kapatid na babae๐Ÿ˜Š๐Ÿ˜Š



Filipinopod101.com

FilipinoPod101.com
Thursday at 10:28 PM
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Hi Mark,


Na is the connecting word between kapatid and babae.


Kapatid na babae means sibling /who is/ female.

If I were to change up the order, I would have to say babaeng kapatid to mean female sibling.


Salamat!


Betsey

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Mark
Friday at 02:47 PM
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What does the "na" mean between kapatid and babae ?


Also,

Mayroon akong isang kuya at dalawang ate :)

FilipinoPod101.com
Monday at 05:30 PM
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Hi Liz Chong,


Great question. You're right that they both mean that one has. Saying "mayroon" is just more formal than using the word "may" hence you can use both words interchangeably. Salamat!


Betsey

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Liz Chong
Saturday at 03:13 AM
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I'm a little confused about when to use may vs mayroon. They both seem to mean "have"...?

FilipinoPod101.com
Monday at 10:02 AM
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Hi Sofia,


Good question Sofia. What you wrote actually means "I have a brother and two sisters." If you want to be specific that your siblings are younger, you can add "nakababata" as seen in this example:


Mayroon akong isang nakababatang kapatid na lalaki at dalawang nakababarang kapatid na babae.


Betsey

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Sofia
Saturday at 01:57 AM
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So, if I want to say, "I have a younger brother and two younger sister."

Is it correct if I say it like this: "Mayroon akong isang kapatid na lalaki at dalawang kapatid na babae"?

FilipinoPod101.com
Tuesday at 08:38 PM
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Hi Fei,


You can say "May dalawang masbatang kapatid ako na babae." Salamat! ๐Ÿ˜Š If you ever have any questions, feel free to leave us a comment.


Betsey

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Fei
Friday at 06:38 PM
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Hi ,


how to answer

"i have younger sisters" or

" i have 2 younger sisters"