Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Matt: Hello Listeners! Welcome back to FilipinoPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, season 1, lesson 22, What’s the Weather Like in the Philippines? I’m Matt.
Ice: Hello. And I’m Ice.
Matt: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about the weather.
Ice: The weather is a good conversation starter and can help break the ice in a lot of situations.
Matt: That’s true, it’s really useful to know.
Ice: The conversation takes place at a house early in the morning between two friends.
Matt: They are very close, so they'll be using informal Filipino. All right! Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon kahapon?
Tina: Maulan kahapon.
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon ngayon?
Tina: Mahangin ngayon.
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon bukas?
Tina: Maaraw bukas.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon kahapon?
Tina: Maulan kahapon.
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon ngayon?
Tina: Mahangin ngayon.
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon bukas?
Tina: Maaraw bukas.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon kahapon?
Matt: What was the weather like yesterday?
Tina: Maulan kahapon.
Matt: It was rainy yesterday.
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon ngayon?
Matt: What are the weather conditions today?
Tina: Mahangin ngayon.
Matt: It’s windy today.
Brenda: Ano ang lagay ng panahon bukas?
Matt: What’s the weather going to be tomorrow?
Tina: Maaraw bukas.
Matt: It'll be sunny tomorrow.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Ice: Did you know that the Philippines has only two seasons because it’s a tropical country?
Matt: And those two seasons are the dry and wet seasons, right?
Ice: That’s right! But when we say ‘dry season,’ it doesn’t mean that there’s no rain at all.
Matt: So what is considered to be the dry season then?
Ice: It's when the temperature is hotter, and there's less rainfall.
Matt: So I’m guessing that in the wet season, there are more rainy days than sunny days?
Ice: Yes, you got it! And the hottest months in the Philippines are normally from March to May.
Matt: How about the coolest months?
Ice: The coolest months are from November to January.
Matt: That’s good to know! It should help you plan your trip to the Philippines, listeners!
VOCAB LIST
Matt: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word we shall see is:
Ice: lagay [natural native speed]
Matt: condition
Ice: lagay [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: lagay [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: panahon [natural native speed]
Matt: weather, time
Ice: panahon [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: panahon [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: maulan [natural native speed]
Matt: rainy
Ice: maulan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: maulan [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: mahangin [natural native speed]
Matt: windy
Ice: mahangin [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: mahangin [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: maaraw [natural native speed]
Matt: sunny
Ice: maaraw [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: maaraw [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: ng [natural native speed]
Matt: of
Ice: ng [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: ng [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: ano [natural native speed]
Matt: what
Ice: ano [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: ano [natural native speed]
: And Last:
Ice: ang [natural native speed]
Matt: the
Ice: ang [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: ang [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Matt: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Ice: The First word is “lagay.”
Matt: This means “condition” as in the condition of an object. For example, the question “What is his condition now?” can be expressed as…
Ice: Ano na ang lagay niya?
Matt: Moving on with the next word, we have the noun…
Ice: “panahon,” which means "weather." In other cases, “panahon” can also mean “time” or a “period of time.”
Matt: Can you give us an example using this word?
Ice: Sure. “Mabuti ang panahon ngayon”
Matt: It means “The weather is good today.” And what’s the last word?
Ice: “maulan”
Matt: This is an adjective meaning “rainy.”
Matt: How do you say “It was rainy here yesterday” in Filipino using this word?
Ice: That’s Maulan dito kahapon.
Matt: Okay! Now let’s move onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Matt: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about the weather. Let’s learn some of the basic weather conditions. Firstly, “sunny” in Filipino is…
Ice: maaraw (slow) maaraw
Matt: How about "rainy"?
Ice: maulan (slow) maulan
Matt: "windy" is?
Ice: mahangin (slow) mahangin
Matt: what about "hot"?
Ice: mainit (slow) mainit
Matt: what about "cold"?
Ice: malamig (slow) malamig
Matt: What about humid?
Ice: mahalumigmig (slow) mahalumigmig
Matt: lastly "dry" will be…
Ice: tuyo (slow) tuyo
Matt: All right! Now that we know these words, what phrase should you use to ask about the weather?
Ice: You can use the phrase “Ano ang lagay ng panahon?”
Matt: Which literally means “What is the weather condition?”
Ice: That’s right. If you want to add a specific time, you can add the time ordinal at the end of the phrase.
Matt: So if I want to ask “What will be the weather conditions for tomorrow?” that is…
Ice: Ano ang lagay ng panahon bukas.
Matt: Now what if I want to specify a place, for example, “What are the weather conditions in the Philippines?”
Ice: Start with: “Ano ang lagay ng panahon.” Then you add the phrase “sa + place”.
Matt: So the sentence altogether is...
Ice: Ano ang lagay ng panahon sa Pilipinas.
Matt: Now what if I want to ask about a particular place and a specified time? Something like “What will the weather conditions be in the Philippines tomorrow?”
Ice: Start with “ano ang lagay ng panahon.” then just add the time ordinal and the phrase “sa + place”. The order of the place and time doesn’t matter.
Matt: So the question “What will the weather conditions be in the Philippines tomorrow?” is…
Ice: Ano ang lagay ng panahon sa Pilipinas bukas. or “Ano ang lagay ng panahon bukas sa Pilipinas”
Matt: So then how can you respond to this kind of question?
Ice: If you simply want to state the weather conditions for a specific time, you use the pattern [weather condition + time].
Matt: So if it’s going to be rainy tomorrow, you say…
Ice: “maulan bukas” maulan means “rainy” which is the weather condition, and bukas means “tomorrow.”
Matt: What if you’re asked about the weather in a particular place?
Ice: For that we use the pattern [weather condition + sa + place]
Matt: So if it’s rainy in the Philippines you say…
Ice: Maulan sa Pilipinas.
Matt: Ok, and what if you were asked about the weather condition of a particular place for a specified time, something like our example “What will the weather conditions be in the Philippines tomorrow?”
Ice: You can say the word for the weather condition first, followed by sa, then the place you want to say, and finally the time expression. again the time ordinal, and place can be in any order.
Matt: So if it’s going to be rainy in the Philippines tomorrow you say…
Ice: Maulan sa Pilipinas bukas or Maulan bukas sa Pilipinas.

Outro

Matt: That’s all for this lesson.
Ice: Listeners, don't forget to check out the lesson notes for further discussion and more examples. And you can always leave us a comment at FilipinoPod101.com if you have any questions.
Matt: Yes, we’re happy to help! In the meantime, thanks for listening, and we’ll see you in the next lesson. Bye!
Ice: : Paalam!

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