Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Brandon: Hi everyone, I’m Brandon, and welcome back to FilipinoPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, season 1, lesson 13, These are Just Some of My Favorite Things in the Philippines.
Ice: Hello. Hi everyone, I’m Ice.
Brandon: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask and talk about your favorite things.
Ice: The conversation in this lesson takes place at school between classmates.
Brandon: They are already friends, so they’ll be using in casual Filipino. Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Clarisse: Anong paborito mong subject?
Charlene: Paborito kong subject ang Kasaysayan.
Clarisse: Ano ang paborito mong lugar?
Charlene: Paborito kong lugar ang Cebu.
Clarisse: Ako rin. Paborito ko ring lugar ang Cebu.
Charlene: Sino ang paborito mong bayani?
Clarisse: Paborito kong bayani si Dr. Jose Rizal.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Clarisse: Anong paborito mong subject?
Charlene: Paborito kong subject ang Kasaysayan.
Clarisse: Ano ang paborito mong lugar?
Charlene: Paborito kong lugar ang Cebu.
Clarisse: Ako rin. Paborito ko ring lugar ang Cebu.
Charlene: Sino ang paborito mong bayani?
Clarisse: Paborito kong bayani si Dr. Jose Rizal.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Clarisse: Anong paborito mong subject?
Brandon: What's your favorite subject?
Charlene: Paborito kong subject ang Kasaysayan.
Brandon: My favorite subject is History.
Clarisse: Ano ang paborito mong lugar?
Brandon: What's your favorite place?
Charlene: Paborito kong lugar ang Cebu.
Brandon: My favorite place is Cebu.
Clarisse: Ako rin. Paborito ko ring lugar ang Cebu.
Brandon: Me too. My favorite place is Cebu too.
Charlene: Sino ang paborito mong bayani?
Brandon: Who's your favorite hero?
Clarisse: Paborito kong bayani si Dr. Jose Rizal.
Brandon: My favorite hero is Dr. Jose Rizal.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Brandon: I’ve heard that Filipino school students all have something called “slam books”. Can you tell us what this is?
Ice: A slam book is a notebook designed by the owner that gets passed around his or her classmates for them to sign. It's very popular among elementary and high school students.
Brandon: So it’s like an autograph book?
Ice: Yes, but it includes various questions and the signer’s favorite things.
Brandon: Ok, and what else is found in the Filipino slam book?
Ice: Well, there’s a motto page, a comments page for messages to the owner of the slam book, a picture of the signer, basic information about the signer, and other questions from the owner of the slam book.
Brandon: interesting!
Ice: It is! A slam book also represents how popular or liked a person is in the Philippines.
Brandon: I see. So the more people you get to sign your slam book, the more liked you are?
Ice: Yes, but it also works the other way. If you're regularly asked to sign different slam books, you're also considered to be very friendly and popular among your classmates.
Brandon: I see. So it’s just as important to sign other slam books as it is to get signatures in your own.
Ice: That’s right. Likewise, it's customary that when you agree to write on someone’s slam book, you should ask them to write on yours as well.
Brandon: I see, so it’s good to return the favor. Okay, let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Brandon: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Ice: paborito [natural native speed]
Brandon: favorite
Ice: paborito [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: paborito [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: kasaysayan [natural native speed]
Brandon: history
Ice: kasaysayan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: kasaysayan [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: lugar [natural native speed]
Brandon: place
Ice: lugar [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: lugar [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: rin (din) [natural native speed]
Brandon: too, also
Ice: rin (din) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: rin (din) [natural native speed]
: Next:
Ice: bayani [natural native speed]
Brandon: hero
Ice: bayani [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: bayani [natural native speed]
: And last:
Ice: mo [natural native speed]
Brandon: your, you
Ice: mo [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Ice: mo [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Brandon: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What’s our first word?
Ice: It’s “paborito”
Brandon: This is an adjective used to describe an object, place, or person that's preferred over all others of the same kind.
Ice: In simple terms, it means ‘Favorite’.
Brandon: Can it also be a noun?
Ice: Yes. When you use it as a noun, “paborito” means a person, place, or object that's popular or liked the most by someone.
Brandon: Can you give us an example sentence?
Ice: “Siya pa rin ang paborito ng kanyang mga magulang”.
Brandon: “She is still the favorite of her parents”. Let’s break it down.
Ice: Sure. The first word, “Siya,” is the pronoun for “He/She”. It's followed by “pa rin” which means...
Brandon: “is still”.
Ice: and then our keyword: “paborito”
Brandon: Which in this case, is used as a noun meaning “favorite”.
Ice: Yes, and lastly, “ng kanyang mga magulang” translates to “of her parents”.
Brandon: OK. What is the next word?
Ice: “lugar”
Brandon: This is a noun, which is defined as a particular position or point in space.
Ice: Yes. The noun “lugar” usually refers to an area that is occupied by people.
Brandon: It can also be translated as “place”. Let’s take a look at an example.
Ice: “Saang lugar ako pupunta?”
Brandon: meaning: “Which place should I go?”
Ice: Yes. “Saang lugar” means “Which place”
Brandon: And “should I go” is…
Ice: “ako pupunta” Altogether, “Saang lugar ako pupunta”
Brandon: Great! Now, the last word we're going to discuss is “bayani”.
Ice: This is a noun pertaining to a person who's admired and serves as an inspiration to people. “bayani” expresses the same idea as the word “hero”
Brandon: And it has no gender. It can be used to refer to both men and women.
Ice: Yes! For example, we have “Si Ana ay isang bayani”
Brandon: Or “Ana is a hero”. Okay, now on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Brandon: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask and talk about favorites. Let’s start with how to ask other people about their favorite things. How do you do this?
Ice: We use the pattern “Ano ang paborito mong + noun?”
Brandon: Which means “What's your favorite + noun?” Let’s give an example asking what someone’s favorite movie is.
Ice: We’ll use the Filipino word for movie, “pelikula”, for the noun to make the sentence: “Ano ang paborito mong pelikula?”
Brandon: Meaning “What's your favorite movie?” Let’s give another example asking what someone’s favorite food is.
Ice: The Filipino word for “food” is “pagkain”. So, using it as the noun, the sentence would be “Ano ang paborito mong pagkain?”
Brandon: That's the same as asking, “What's your favorite food?”
Ice: Correct! Now let’s learn how to ask: ‘who is your favorite person?’
Brandon: What pattern should we use?
Ice: We'll use the original pattern and replace “Ano,” which means “What,” with “Sino,” which means “Who”. The pattern becomes: “Sino ang paborito mong + noun”.
Brandon: That's the same as asking “Who is your favorite + noun?” Lets give an example asking someone who their favorite teacher is.
Ice: The Filipino word for teacher is “guro”. Using this in our pattern, “Sino ang paborito mong + noun,” we have “Sino ang paborito mong guro?”
Brandon: “Who's your favorite teacher?” So now we know how to ask the question. But what pattern should we use to answer it?
Ice: You follow the pattern “Paborito kong + noun + determiner + favorite object/ person”.
Brandon: That’s a bit long. Let’s break it down.
Ice: Ok. The first part is the phrase “Paborito kong,” which means “My favorite…”
Brandon: followed by a noun that describes the category of your favorite object, place, or person.
Ice: That’s right. Then you add the determiner. We'll be using one of the two determiners “ang” and “si”
Brandon: How are they used?
Ice: “ang” is used to introduce objects and places, while “si” is used to introduce people. After using the correct determiner, we end the sentence with our favorite object, person, or place.
Brandon: All right! Let’s give an example. I want to say that my favorite animal is the cat.
Ice: Okay, the Filipino word for animal is “hayop,” and “pusa” means “cat”. Substituting these into our pattern, we have: “Paborito kong hayop ang pusa”.
Brandon: That's “My favorite animal is a cat”.
Ice: Yes, also note that we used “ang” instead of “si” because it's followed by an object “pusa,” which means “a cat”, and not a person.

Outro

Brandon: Well, that’s all for this lesson.
Ice: But, please remember to check out the lesson notes everyone.
Brandon: because you’ll find more examples and explanations about this lesson.
Ice: And always remember that practice makes perfect!
Brandon: That’s right! Thanks for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time!
Ice: Paalam!

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