Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hi everyone, I’m Becky, and welcome back to FilipinoPod101.com. This is Basic Bootcamp, Lesson 4 - Counting from 1-100 in Filipino. This is the fourth lesson in a five-part series that will help you ease your way into Filipino.
Betsey: Kamusta. I’m Betsey. In this lesson, you’ll learn one of the essentials in Filipino... numbers! We’ll learn how to count and understand the numerical system in Filipino.
Becky: We will introduce the numbers and go through their pronunciations, and we will give you examples of where and how you can actually use these numbers.
Betsey: In the conversation, one of the speakers will be doing push-ups and counting them, and the other speaker is going to help her. The conversation takes a place at a gym.
Becky: Okay, let’s listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: In the Philippines, counting numbers is very interesting, because people use English, Filipino, and Spanish depending on what they’re counting.
Betsey: That’s is right. Usually when I commute around the city, people either use Spanish or Filipino to count and calculate.
Becky: Yes. But when the numbers become bigger or a bit more detailed, it’s more common to use English.
Betsey: How about telling the time?
Becky: When talking about time, Filipinos mainly use Spanish.
Betsey: That’s very interesting, because although there are fewer and fewer people who are fluent in Spanish, they still use a lot of it in terms of the language.
Becky: One thing to be careful of when you read numbers and times is that you have to add the sound ‘ng’ at the end of some. When you’re counting objects with the numbers 1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, and 10, you will combine them with the sound “ng” at the end. For example, when you say ‘10 people’, you can say..
Betsey: “sampung tao”. But with the numbers 4, 6, and 9, you will follow them with “na” instead. For example, “apat na tao” for 4 people. That’s because these 3 numbers don’t end with a vowel.
Becky: So keep that tip in mind. Ok, now let’s move on to the vocab.
Becky: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Betsey, we’ve talked about the basic numbers 1-10, but how can we count above 10?
Betsey: There are a few rules that you have to remember. You just have to add the word “labing” to designate that it’s in the “teens.” The ending of labing can change to labim or labin depending on the first letter of the second number. For those starting with vowels and ‘w’ we use labing. For numbers starting with d,t, and s, we use labin. While for those starting with p, we use labim.
Becky: Ok, let’s go through 11 to 19.
labing-isa
Eleven
labindalawa
Twelve
labintatlo
Thirteen
labing-apat
Fourteen
labinlima
Fifteen
labing-anim
Sixteen
labimpito
Seventeen
labingwalo
Eighteen
labinsiyam
and Nineteen.
Becky: And what about the numbers bigger than 20? How do you count up to 100?
Betsey: This is really simple. Let’s take a look at these and talk a bit about it after.
dalawampu (20)
Twenty
tatlumpu, (30)
Thirty
apatnapu (40)
Fourty
limampu (50)
Fifty
animnapu (60)
Sixty
pitompu (70)
Seventy
walumpu (80)
Eighty
siyamnapu (90)
Ninety
isang daan(100)
one Hundred
Betsey: So as we see from this list, you will still use the numbers 1-10 as the basis, but just add “-apu” at the end. Just note that with the numbers 4, 6, and 9 you will add “napu.”
Becky: That’s quite simple. Okay, now on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to count numbers in Filipino. So we’ve learned the numbers from 1 to 100.
Betsey: When you count numbers between 11 and 19, you can take the word “labing-”, then put the numbers from 1 to 9 after it. Don’t forget the rules on changing between labing, labim, and labin! Let’s practice some here.
Becky: Ok, so Betsey, how would you say “17” in Filipino?
Betsey: Well, “Seven” is Pito. Since it starts with p, we will use labim, so it’s “labimpito.”
Becky: Let’s do another one just to make sure the listeners understand. How about “19”?
Betsey: The rule applies here. Nine is siyam and starts with an s. So it’s “labinsiyam”. And forming the numbers between 20 and 90 was also simple. Put the number at the beginning, let’s say “dalawa” for 2 or 20, and add “-napu” or “-mpu” at the end. For example, 20 would be “Dalawampu”. So let’s test this out again.
Becky: Betsey, how would you say 40?
Betsey: This one is a little tricky. Usually you use “-mpu” at the end. The exceptions are 4,6, and 9... 40 is “apatnapu”, 60 is “animnapu”, and 90 is “siyamnapu”.
Becky: Next, how would you say 85?
Betsey: 8 in Filipino is “walo”. 80 would be “walumpu”. And 5 is “lima”. So combined, it is “walumpu-at-lima”!
Becky: Ok, now let’s see how we can use this in counting compound numbers then.
Betsey: dalampu at apat na storya
Becky: twenty-four stories
Betsey: apatnapu at limang minuto
Becky: forty-five minutes
Betsey: walumpu at anim na porsiyento
Becky: eighty-six percent
Betsey: And when you say two-digit numbers, you need to put the word “at” between the tens and the one-digit numbers. For example, when you say ‘forty-five’, you need to say ‘apatnapu at limang’ which literally means ‘forty and five.’
Becky: It’s pretty simple. You just have to practice, and you’ll get used to it.
Betsey: That’s right. A good way to practice counting is if you use the numbers whenever you can. For example, reading out loud the prices when you go shopping helps a lot.
Becky: And lastly, let’s explain a little about ordinal numbers, just in case you’re curious or you specifically want to use it.
Betsey: Again, it’s quite simple. Just put “ika” before the number. For example, we have “ika apatnapu” for “fortieth” and “ika Pitompu” for “seventieth”.
Becky: Listeners, make sure to check the lesson notes to reinforce what you’ve learned in this lesson.

Outro

Becky: Okay, that’s it for this lesson. See you next time.
Betsey: Thanks for listening. Paalam!

6 Comments

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FilipinoPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners!

How many objects do you have on the desk?

FilipinoPod101.com
Thursday at 10:25 am
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Hi Craig,


Great question. There aren't strict rules about when to use ika and pang but we generally use ika more especially for formal events. Pang is more used for informal speech. Salamat!


Betsey

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Craig
Thursday at 4:09 am
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I mean pang not upang

Craig
Thursday at 4:08 am
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Ordinal.. when is ika used and when is upang used ... lesson and lesson notes are different on ordinal usage

FilipinoPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 6:43 pm
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Hello Danilo,


Thank you for posting.

We are sorry for the inconvenience.


The audio is fixed.

Let us know if you have any question.


Cheers,

Lena

Team FilipinoPod101.com

Danilo
Saturday at 5:38 am
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No sound byte for lima or anim? Please sound bytes!


Ayan pakisuyo!